Monthly Archives: January 2007

Help wanted Alaskan Icons

Yekaterinburg Alaskan Icon Exhibition for 200th Anniversary of American-Russian Diplomatic Relations

Prof. Lydia Black has asked that I publicize the evident need for Orthodox icons made by Alaska Natives and other Native Americans for a special bicentennial exhibit. These could be contemporary examples or historic. I’m guessing icons by unknown Native artists or iconographers would be of interest, as well.

The only information I have is what is listed below. Please contact Dr. Strohmeyer directly. However, it would be interesting, eventually, to know more about the exhibit and especially about the iconographers uncovered.


The new year– the 200th Anniversary of American-Russian Diplomatic Relations– has begun and we do not have sufficient photographs of Orthodox icons created by Native-American artists.

Yekaterinburg is the site of the Church of the Blood and is an especially sympathetic venue for iconography and for the cultural significance of the creation of icons.

For the exhibit to be a success we need to have at least 30 exemplars ranging from the period of Russian rule to the present. Please send anything that you have to us as soon as possible so that we can start the mundane work of mounting and annotation.


Dr. Virgil Strohmeyer, PAO
US Consulate General, Yekaterinburg, Russia
+7 (343) 379.4760
+7 (343) 379.4515
email for US Russian consul

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 2007-12-26
Dec 03, 2007 Alaska’s Orthodox legacy celebrated in Russia. An art and cultural exhibition highlighting 200 years of Russian-American relations opened this week in Chelyabinsk, reports the Russian news agency ITAR-TASS. Virgil Stromeyer, the U.S. vice consul in Ekaterinburg, said the show was designed to “remember the contribution of Russian missionaries” to the development of relations between the two countries. The exhibit features photos and reproductions of icons painted by Native Alaskan artists. Blogger Matushka Elizabeth has a Web page about the exhibit with links to Alaskan Orthodox texts, and programs by Alaska priest Father Michael Oleksa.

Here’s the link to Matushka Elizabeth’s post, “Alaska’s Orthodox Legacy”

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Nuclear Winter transmittal letter

This really belongs with the post but I only just located it.


DATE: May 8, 1986

Chemistry Division


The enclosed document, NUCLEAR WINTER: THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF HUMAN SURVIVAL, may be of interest to you as a professional in [public communication] [or public policy] . These proceedings result from an invited session of the American Anthropological Association annual meetings held in Washington, DC, December 6, 1985. The scientific session was an interdisciplinary discussion among senior anthropologists, a physical scientist involved in global climate modelling, and myself of the contributions anthropology can make to the scientific discussion of the long-term consequences of nuclear war.

Current scientific discussions of the long-term environmental consequences of nuclear war only partially evaluate the impact on human existence and continuity. Anthropologists are generally not participants in the institutional communities or other sciences which provide the scientific and technical advice on issues of national defense. Anthropology can contribute its expertise concerning the cultural and biological adaptability of humans and the comprehensive nature and evolution of human existence.

An audience of approximately 100 anthropologists and others participated in the discussions. This session is the first and remains the only discussion of Nuclear Winter to focus explicitly on impacts to humans. Other discussions have focused on the non-human environment or on limited aspects of human society which can result in misleading or inaccurate conclusions about effects on human biological and cultural systems.

Discussion also ranged over whether such matters should be discussed at all, the roles of science and policy in contemporary US society, the nature of uncertainty, the need for anthropological models of nuclear winter comparable to the physical models, and the value of anthropological assessment and input to discussions of nuclear war.

We consider our discussions beginnings, not conclusions, to an anthropological assessment of Nuclear Winter. There are as yet no formal, integrative studies of the long-term consequences of Nuclear Winter for humans by public or private agencies.

If you wish further information on this topic, please contact the authors.


M. Pamela Bumsted

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Posed greater than thought

Anthrax attack posed greater potential threat than thought

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Solid waste management in emergencies

WHO WEDC emergency notes has the list of tech guides available from WHO. One of the notes is about solid waste.

Many of their suggestions are the same as the ones I developed with rural northern Alaska Villages for interim solid waste management.

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Emergency water and sanitation handbooks WCED WHO

These are pdf files of the Emergency publications series, produced by WEDC Publications, Water, Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University

Emergency Publications on CD, Bob Reed (ed.)
This pc compact disk comprises the electronic (pdf) files of the entire series of Emergency publications produced by WEDC to date.
This is an invaluable and handy resource for all aid and development workers.

Individual files can be downloaded from

Revised chapters are downloadable or can be purchased here–
Emergency Vector Control Using Chemicals (2nd ed.) 2004
Christophe Lacarin and Bob Reed
Emergency Water Sources (3rd ed.) 2004
Sarah House and Bob Reed
Out in the Cold (3rd ed.) 2004
Mark Buttle and Michael Smith

Running Water 1999 Rod Shaw (ed.)

This is a new collection of 32 short, highly illustrated introductions to appropriate water and sanitation technologies and processes and complements The Worth of Water. It covers a further range of subjects from water source selection and handpump maintenance to sanitary surveying, hygiene understanding and community management. (not available for download)

The Worth of Water 1991John Pickford

The Worth of Water published by Intermediate Technology Publications has 32 sections, each a reprint of a technical brief that has appeared in the international journal of appropriate technologies for water supply and sanitation Waterlines. They provide simple guidance for fieldworkers on a variety of topics. Most were written and prepared by WEDC staff (not available for download)

The role of water and environmental sanitation inventions
Erik Rottier and Margaret Ince
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Disease and disease transmission
Chapter 3: Disease in the population
Chapter 4: Water and environmental sanitation projects
Chapter 5: Domestic water supply
Chapter 6: Sanitation
Chapter 7: Drainage
Chapter 8: Solid waste management
Annexe 1: Listing of diseases related to water and environmental sanitation
Annexe 2: Summary tables of infections related to water and environmental sanitation (excluding vector-borne infections)
Annexe 3: Summary tables of vector-borne infections, vectors and their control
Annexe 4: Chlorination of drinking water
Annexe 5: Calculating the size of pits for latrines, and assessing their infiltration capacity
Annexe 6: Designing a simple stormwater drainage system
Annexe 7: Priorities and standards in emergency situations
Alphabetical index of diseases

Improving health is one of the main goals of water and environmental sanitation (WES) interventions. Despite this, many aid and development workers may have only a limited knowledge of the infections they try to prevent. Although the relevant information does exist, it is often scattered in specialised literature and rarely finds its way into the field.

This manual addresses this problem by presenting information on these infections in relation to the interventions that fieldworkers typically control – i.e: water supply, sanitation, drainage, solid waste management, and vector control. It has been produced primarily for non-medical aid and development workers, but anyone working in WES, or in the prevention of infections related to WES, will find this book useful.

Assessment and Programme Design
Peter Harvey, Sohrab Baghri and Bob Reed
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Is intervention necessary?
Chapter 3. Principles of assessment
Chapter 4. Background information
Chapter 5. Recommended minimum objectives
Chapter 6. Excreta disposal
Chapter 7. Solid waste management
Chapter 8. Waste management at medical centres
Chapter 9. Disposal of dead bodies
Chapter 10. Wastewater management
Chapter 11. Hygiene promotion
Chapter 12. Community participation
Chapter 13. Programme design
Chapter 14. Implementation
Chapter 15. Instructions for use
Chapter 16. Rapid assessment and priority setting
Chapter 17. Outline programme design
Chapter 18. Immediate action
Chapter 19. Detailed programme design
Chapter 20. Implementation
Case study: Kala Camp, Luapula, Zambia
Aide Memoire Chart
(Adobe Acrobat (pdf) files)
Rapid Assessment Spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel file)

Emergency Sanitation is designed to assist those involved in planning and implementing emergency sanitation programmes. The main focus is a systematic and structured approach to assessment and programme design. It provides a balance between the hardware (technical) and software (socio-cultural, institutional) aspects of sanitation programmes, and links short-term emergency response to long-term sustainability. Emergency Sanitation is relevant to a wide range of emergency situations, including both natural and conflict-induced disasters, and open and closed settings. It is suitable for field technicians, engineers and hygiene promoters, as well as staff at agency headquarters. Sponsored by the Department for International Development (DFID)

A handbook for relief workers
Christophe Lacarin and Bob Reed
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Main Vectors
Chapter 3: Principal Control Measures
Chapter 4: Overall Process for Implementing a Vector Control Programme
Chapter 5: Practical Implementation
Appendix 1: Suitability of Chemical Controls
Appendix 2: Recommended Control Method
Appendix 3: Estimate Vector Population
Appendix 4: Job Description and Responsibilities
Additional Information
References and Bibliography

Complete copy of Emergency Vector Control

The control of vectors that transmit diseases in emergencies is critical to the prevention of epidemics. This handbook describes how such vectors can be identified and controlled using chemicals. Aimed at non-specialists such as logisticians, engineers and health workers, it provides advice on identifying the responsible vector, selecting the appropriate control chemical and the means of application, together with advice on planning an implementation programme.

Assessment and Programme Design
Peter Harvey, Sohrab Baghri and Bob Reed
Section 1. Introduction and instructions for use
Section 2. Survival supply
Section 3. Longer term supply
Section 4. Supporting information
Section 5. Equipment and addresses

These guidelines have been designed to help those involved in the assessment of emergency water sources to collect relevant information in a systematic way, to use this information to select a source or sources and to determine the appropriate level of treatment required to make the water suitable for drinking.

OUT IN THE COLD (first edition)
Emergency water supply and sanitation for cold regions
Mark Buttle and Michael Smith
Mark Buttle and Michael Smith
Chapter 1 : Introduction
Chapter 2 : Emergencies in cold regions
Chapter 3 : Water supply
Chapter 4: Sanitation
Chapter 5: Related technical issues
Chapter 6: Human issues
Chapter 7: Additional information
Complete copy of Out in the Cold

Out in the Cold has been designed for all humanitatian workers, especially managers, engineers and logisticians working in ex-Soviet states, China, Eastern Europe or any other country in cool temperate or cold regions. It provides specific supplementary information that can be used together with information given in more general emergency manuals, details of which are given inside. Techniques are described simply, although engineering design recommendations are also included.

NB– second edition of Out in the Cold includes new material gathered from humanitarian workers returning from the Kosovo crisis and has been revised on the basis of comments made about the first edition.

Any part of this …, including the illustrations (except items taken from other publications where the authors do not hold copyright) may be copied, reproduced or adapted to meet local needs, without permission from the author/s or publisher, provided the parts reproduced are distributed free, or at cost and not for commercial ends, and the source is fully acknowledged.

Please send copies of any materials in which text or illustrations have been used to WEDC Publications at the address given below.

WEDC Publications
Water, Engineering and Development Centre
Loughborough University
Leicestershire LE11 3TU UK
Phone: + 44 (0) 1509 222885
Fax: + 44 (0) 1509 211079

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